Estonia’s population is growing again, due to immigration

More people immigrate to Estonia than emigrate, increasing the country’s population slightly.

According to the preliminary estimate of Statistics Estonia, the country’s population on 1 January 2018 was 1,318,700, which is 3,070 people more than at the same time a year ago.

The population decreased by 1,960 due to negative natural increase (the number of deaths exceeded the number of births) and increased by 5,030 due to positive net migration (more people immigrated to Estonia than emigrated), the statistics agency said in a statement.

In total, the population of Estonia increased by 0.2% in 2017. Net migration has been positive in Estonia for three years in a row.

Over 13,520 children were born in Estonia in 2017 – a decrease of nearly 400 babies compared with a year ago. Considering that the number of women in childbearing age is decreasing, it shows that the number of births per woman has not decreased considerably.

The share of older people increases in the population as life expectancy continues to increase, Statistics Estonia said.

10,470 people immigrated to Estonia and 5,440 emigrated from Estonia in 2017, the preliminary data shows.


Cover: Estonia is slowly becoming more multicultural (the image is illustrative/photo by Annika Haas).